The National Institute of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition (NIBIOHN) was founded on April 1, 2015 by integrating the National Institute of Biomedical Innovation (NIBIO) with the National Institute of Health and Nutrition (NIHN).
The establishment of NIBIOHN was a part of the effort to review independent administrative institutions under the "Basic policy regarding the reform of independent administrative institutions." approved by the Japanese Cabinet in 2013, for the purpose of promoting comprehensive research by integrating expertise in drugs, food, and other related fields.
NIBIO was founded in 2005, based primarily on the Osaka branch of the National Institute of Health Sciences, by integrating parts of the National Institute of Infectious Diseases and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency. NIBIO prepares the foundation for improvement of pharmaceutical and other related technologies by conducting universal research that contributes to the development of drugs and other products, as well as biological resources, and by promoting research and development in the private sector or other settings for the overall purpose of improving the health of Japanese people.
NIHN can be traced back to an institute of nutrition established in Home Ministry in 1920. After the Ministry of Health and Welfare was founded in 1938, oversight of NIHN was transferred from the Home Ministry to the Ministry of Health and Welfare: in 2001, the institute was transformed into an independent administrative institution. NIHN conducts surveys and studies regarding the maintenance and promotion of health of Japanese people, as well as surveys and studies regarding the nutrition and diet for the purpose of improving public health.